A hernia is a soft swelling, usually as big as an egg, that starts with a leakage of a bowel, from the cavity that normally contains it, through an orifice or other anatomical canal.
The abdominal wall is thin, and thus forms a pouch where the bowels gather.
The swelling is visible when standing up and it disappears when lying down or with external pressure.
Initially the swelling can be invisible even when there is pain.
The hernia tends to grow and in many cases causes cramping. The person affected becomes more aware of their state, fearing every effort, even coughing, sneezing, passing stools, jumping, running and so on. According to statistics, the inguinal hernia is the most common form (around 80% of cases) of hernia and occurs mainly in middle-aged adults but can also affect children and the elderly. It occurs in the majority of cases on the right side of the body, although it often occurs on both sides.
So a hernia is not an illness, but a simple anatomical defect , resulting from a gradual stretching of the tissue that creates a leak of the abdominal content.
A bit of anatomy
The abdominal wall consists of a solid muscular framework and its intrinsic
action holds and protects the organs in the abdominal cavity. If this
function is missing, due to negligence or a lack of development, the intraabdominal pressure forces the bowels to emerge through the point of least
Thus a small opening forms through which leaks a length of bowel
that can be small or large (inguinal hernia).
The factors that lead to a predisposition to hernias for those approaching 50 are:
- Abdominal muscles that are weak and brittle
- Muscle relaxation as a result of pregnancy or poor health
- Wounds or scarring as a result of an operation
- Abscesses, usually following purulent inflammation
- Muscle atrophy due to excessive accumulation of fat in the abdomen, or little movement, perhaps as a result of “illness” or excessive physical inactivity.
When one doesn’t excercise, when one works sitting down, muscles and nerves fall into disuse and undergo degeneration. The muscle wall becomes ever thinner and more brittle, giving way to a mass of fat. Inactive people with a thin frame also need to be aware. In people who suffer from hernia a microscopic examination reveals the presence of abdominal fat between the muscle fibers even when the muscles are still retaining their round shape.
The internal support system
In healthy people the abdominal bowels are supported by:
- The supporting tissues.
- The arched dome of the chest.
- The diaphragm.
In conditions of good health, the bowels are a long way from being an inert mass subject to the imbalance of gravity. This is the opposite in cases of ill health where the weakening of the support structure can cause the bowels to drop and a hernia occurs as a result.
The reasons for this exaggerated dropping of the bowels towards the abdomen can be found in:
- Over eating, which causes unnecessary excess strain.
- Constipation, which is a significant disturbance of defecation and causes difficulty in emptying all or part of the intestine when expelling the stool. It occurs in the absence of dietary fibre.
- Poor diet, worsens the conditions of the muscle tissue.
- An excess of toxins, which reduces the tensile strength of tissues and requires an excessive amount of blood to cleanse these harmful substances and actually increases the weight of the bowel on the abdomen.
The causes of hernia
To sum up what has been said so far, the bowels push downwards towards the abdomen thanks to the force of gravity. In the presence of bad health, extra weight is created that the abdomen muscles need to support. If the muscle structure in the abdominal wall starts to deteriorate, the bowels move through the abdomen, until they leak through and form a hernia.
Analysing the statistics, the identikit of a person with a hernia is a male of around fifty, who eats unhealthily and has a sedentary lifestyle.
Taken from the ebook Cure hernias without pharmaceuticals or surgical operations.